Author: Cheng, W; Singh, N; Macia-Agullo, JA; Stucky, GD; McFarland, EW; Baltrusaitis, J
Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
The dependence of electrooxidation on experimental conditions of organic molecules was investigated to optimize the production of hydrogen from potential wastewater sources using low voltage sources (∼1 V dc). Electrooxidation on platinum, gold, and stainless steel anodes with hydrogen production on the cathode was investigated using several different organic reductants, including: methanol, ethanol, glycerol, isopropanol, propanal, glycerol, glucose, sucrose, citric acid, and propionic acid. The electrolyte pH was varied from 2 to 12 in a 1 M Na2SO4 supporting solution. At 1 V, glycerol, citric acid, ethanol and methanol were found to yield the highest currents at low pH values (pH 2 and 7) on platinum electrode, glucose on gold electrode at pH 12 in 1 M Na2SO4 solution produced the highest total current density at 1 V with measured Faradaic efficiency for 1 M glucose of 70%. The hydrogen energy production efficiency was 86%. Practical limitations of glucose oxidation at optimum experimental conditions are discussed.