Author: Liu, HG; Ding, DY; Ning, CQ; Li, ZH
Anatase-type titania nanotubes doped with Nb element were fabricated through an anodization of Ti35Nb alloy substrate and further annealing at 450 °C. Hydrogen sensitivity of the Nb-doped TiO2 nanotubes at room temperature was investigated through exposure of the nanotube samples to different hydrogen atmospheres. At room temperature, the Nb-doped nanotubes demonstrated a good sensitivity for wide-range detection of both dilute and high-concentration hydrogen atmospheres ranging from 50 ppm to 2% H2. The Nb-doped nanotubes also presented remarkable reversibility and repeatability as well as a quick response to the hydrogen atmosphere. The Nb-doped titania nanotubes have great advantages as robust and wide-range hydrogen sensors operating at room temperature.